In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a fertility treatment that involves combining eggs and sperm in a lab. The process includes: Ovarian stimulation, Egg retrieval, Sperm collection, Fertilization and embryo development, Embryo transfer.
IVF can help couples with infertility. It can treat many causes of infertility, including:
An IVF cycle typically takes around 6-8 weeks. The process includes an initial consultation, ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization, embryo transfer, and a pregnancy test.
Treatment for infertility:
The causes of infertility are numerous and often complex. The condition can be due to either male or female factors. With the help of advanced technology, there are methods to resolve infertility in most scenarios.
Assistive Reproductive Technology or ART
Advanced treatments for infertility involve the use of ARTs or assistive reproductive technologies. ART involves the handling of the sperm and egg cells in order to prompt fertilization in a laboratory setting while being supervised by a team of expert embryologists and other professionals who work together to help an infertile couple achieve fertilization and pregnancy.
Below listed are some of the advanced treatments for infertility
This technique involves the use of washed and concentrated sperm cells that are transferred into the uterine cavity using a thin catheter. This helps bypass the major loss points- the cervix and vagina, and aids in increasing the chances of fertilization.
This is one of the most common forms of ART that is sought out and recommended for infertile couples. IVF involves administering medications by the woman to stimulate the ovary to grow multiple mature eggs. They are extracted using a minor surgical procedure and placed in a dish along with a sperm sample where fertilization occurs. The embryos developed can be transferred to the uterus within a few days of development or stored as frozen embryos for future implantation.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is a micromanipulation technique used in IVF treatment. Instead of allowing the sperm to fertilize the egg in a dish naturally, ICSI involves injecting a healthy sperm into the cytoplasm of an egg using a fine glass needle. This treatment does not rely on the ability of the sperm to move and attach itself to the egg and hence is highly beneficial for couples who face male infertility issues.
During fertilization, the sperm cell swims to the egg, attaches itself on the surface and penetrates to the insides. However, in some cases, the outer layer of the egg is too thick for it to pass through. Here, ICSI can be the required solution. ICSI cannot guarantee fertilization as the cellular processes of fertilization still need to occur naturally in the egg.
Use of donor eggs or sperm: When the egg or sperm cells are affected by severe problems, the usage of donor cells can cause fertilization and a successful pregnancy.
Gestational carrier: For women who lack a functional uterus or have the potential to endure a high-risk pregnancy can opt for IVF using a gestational carrier. Surrogacy is a form of ART in which a woman (the surrogate) carries a child for another person or couple with the intention of giving the child to that person or couple after birth. The embryo or blastocysts are placed in the uterus of the carrier for pregnancy.
Embryo donation is a voluntary program where patients who have completed their family donate their frozen embryos to help others. The embryos are donated to couples who want them, or the donors can choose the recipients.
The process of IVF with donor embryos involves:
The live birth rate with embryo donation is 43-45%. The average pregnancy rate for an IVF cycle with the patient’s eggs is around 35-43%. With egg donation, the rate can increase to approximately 55-63%.
Embryo freezing, or cryopreservation, is a process that freezes and stores fertilized eggs for later use. It can help people preserve fertility and have options for pregnancy later in life. If you’re considering embryo cryopreservation, talk to our gynecologist & fertility specialist.
Female infertility is a condition where a woman is unable to get pregnant and give birth. The most common cause of infertility is ovulation disorders. Other factors that can impact fertility include: Age, Hormonal imbalances, Weight, Exposure to chemicals or radiation, Smoking.
Treatments for female infertility
Fertility treatments are generally safe. Most women who use fertility treatments are no more likely to have health or pregnancy problems than women who conceive naturally.
Fertility treatments can help couples who are having trouble conceiving. Treatments include:
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex process that involves retrieving eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm in a lab. The fertilized egg, now called an embryo, is placed inside a uterus. Pregnancy occurs when this embryo implants itself into the uterine wall.
The steps of IVF are:
A full cycle of IVF takes about 2 to 3 weeks. The fertilized egg can be frozen for storage or transferred to a woman’s uterus. If the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the womb and continues to grow, a baby is born about 9 months later.
Infertility is a condition that prevents a person or couple from getting pregnant. Treatments for infertility include:
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm directly into the uterus. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of healthy sperm that reach the fallopian tubes when the woman is most fertile. The procedure takes about five to ten minutes.
During the procedure, a doctor:
The procedure is relatively safe and is not associated with serious complications. However, certain risks may occur such as infection and vaginal bleeding. The patient will most likely not feel any discomfort during the procedure.
Insemination is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm directly into the uterus. The goal is to increase the number of healthy sperm that reach the fallopian tubes when the woman is most fertile.
The process takes only a few minutes and is generally painless. It is relatively safe and is not associated with serious complications. However, certain risks may occur such as infection and vaginal bleeding.
IVF (in vitro fertilization) is a fertility treatment that involves combining eggs and sperm outside of the body in a lab. IVF is used to help people who need assistance with pregnancy. The treatment involves a series of complex steps that use a combination of medicines and surgical procedures. The fertilized egg, or embryo, is then returned to the woman’s womb to grow and develop.
IUI and Most Modern Modular IVF and ICSI Lab is a service that offers IVF treatment, infertility treatment, and gynecological problems treatment.
The main difference between IVF and ICSI is how the sperm fertilizes the egg. In IVF, the egg and multiple sperm are left in a petri dish to fertilize on their own. In ICSI, one sperm is directly injected into the egg.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an infertility treatment. It involves injecting live sperm into a person’s eggs in a laboratory. This procedure can create an embryo (fertilized egg). ICSI is a form of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Healthcare providers most commonly use ICSI when male infertility affects a person’s ability to conceive a child.
Sperm banking is the process of freezing and storing sperm for future use. Sperm banking may be done for Fertility Preservation for individuals who have not yet had the chance to start or complete their family, and require treatment or medication that can cause impairment or loss of fertility. The process can be also be used as back up for intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures.